Design for dementia has, to date, focused on the internal, generally institutional environment of care homes and dementia care facilities. Yet the majority of older people with dementia live at home, around one third of these on their own. Unless outdoor environments are designed to help older people with dementia continue to use their local neighbourhoods they will become effectively housebound.
Mitchell L and Burton E (2006). Neighbourhoods for life: Designing dementia-friendly outdoor environments, Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, 7(1), pp.26 – 33.